Author
Angelo
Pettolino
LIGO
ozone
SKY LAB AND APOLLO
GRAVITY
ACCRETION
VOYAGER 1
SOLAR WIND
HELIOPAUSE
HELIOSPHERIC GASES
ICE AGE
THE AP THEORY
Eugene Parker
BOLTZMANN
mv2 = 3/2 kT
F = ma
Maxwell’s laws
Michael Faraday
CLIMATE CHANGE
GLOBAL WARMING
JOSEPH PRIESTLY
PROTEROZOIC, ACHAEAN, PHANEROZOIC,
EQUINOX
International Space Station
21st CENTURY ASTRONOMY
A great scientist,  Henry Cavendish was the discoverer of  Hydrogen. Hydrogen has one proton and one neutron with a positive charge. Hydrogen is highly reactive and is the lightest of gases (0.0695 specific  gravity). It owes its name to a scientist named Lavoisier, who combined the Greek hydro (water) and gene.  Hydrogen has an atomic weight of 1 atomic mass unit  and is the lightest gas with the smallest atom yet discovered. Although it is now believed even lighter gases with smaller atoms exist beyond the galaxy. Hydrogen is so light it cannot be held by Earth’s gravity, which is why there is none in the  heliosphere or our atmosphere.  Hydrogen is only found in the atmosphere at trace levels; it is synthesized from  hydrocarbons (petroleum and petroleum by-products) and from water, where it constitutes the lightest fraction of the H2O molecule. Hydrogen gas is colourless, highly flammable, cannot sustain life, and reacts easily with other chemical substances. When Hydrogen burns it exhausts Helium and when  Helium fuses under pressure, it decomposes and becomes  Oxygen the 5th most abundant element in our universe.
An atom of Hydrogen has a stronger escape velocity than  Earth’s gravitational attraction like all gases and is the smallest atom discovered so far.  Hydrogen is the only atom that has one  proton and one electron but no  neutron. It and all the other atoms absorb their energy from light waves radiated out from the  Sun’s surface. The propelling force that holds the  hydrogen  electron in orbit has nothing to do with gravity. It’s called electrical attraction (escape velocity) and is stronger than Earth’s gravitational attraction according to the world-famous astrophysicist Neil deGrass Tyson. All gases are molecularly structured to expand indefinitely, occupying all available space. That’s why this is called escape velocity. Gases expand until they reach their natural ceiling of gases which have no volume and are lighter in atomic weight with smaller atoms. The escape velocity of gas is what causes the vacuum,  inertia and kinetic  energy in the cosmos.
The escape velocity and size of  Hydrogen makes it greater than the attraction of  gravity. If gravity attracted gas,  Hydrogen’s small atom would be the fi rst to be attracted through the heavier Oxygen and Nitrogen atoms. Hydrogen’s location in the cosmos is further proof that  gravity has no affect on gases.
The planets are not orbiting the Sun’s equator at unrealistic speeds as taught by the now discredited Special Relativity and Relativity hypothesis. The solar wind is causing the planets to orbit above the Sun’s celestial pole at slower speeds and over shorter distances than previously supposed. The solar wind  energy is what keeps the planets orbiting above the celestial poles of the Sun (Bernoulli’s Law). The planets are neither orbiting the Sun at its equator nor are they being propelled from the force of gravity. The solar wind propels the planets in their orbits above the celestial poles of the Sun, not around the equator and not propelled by gravity as was previously supposed.

Introduction Continued
Introduction Continued
The  AP theory is a monistic theory embracing the thermal reaction process and states that gravity is not holding our atmosphere to Earth and that the Helium filled Heliosphere is Earth’s atmospheric ceiling. The theory takes us one step closer to the truth by predicting that universal gases (could this be dark matter?) with a predicted atomic weight of 0.989 or less will be discovered in-between galaxies and beyond the intergalactic medium of Hydrogen. These universal gases (Plate 0597), which are light than  Hydrogen in atomic weight and have lesser air pressure than the Hydrogen of the Galactic gases (Plate 4986), are compressing and preventing the galactic gas atoms, which are greater in  air pressure and heavier in atomic weight, from expanding (Plate 0204). This in turn keeps the  sun-produced interplanetary (He) gases of  Helium from expanding into the galaxy. These Heliospheric gases are comprised of mostly  Helium  and their atoms are larger than  Hydrogen atoms. These Heliospheric gases of mostly Helium with 0.139 of specific gravity are keeping the interplanetary gases from rising into the galactic medium of Atomic  Hydrogen. These  interplanetary gases of  Helium, which are low in atomic weight and have a lesser air pressure than Galactic gases encompass and compress our Earth’s atmosphere, which contains 98% of Oxygen and Nitrogen gases that are heavy in atomic weight and have larger atoms than Hydrogen and Helium (Plate 3596). Thus these atmospheric gases cannot expand further into the  Helium dominated Heliosphere.
THE AP THEORY
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