Author
Angelo
Pettolino
LIGO
ozone
SKY LAB AND APOLLO
GRAVITY
ACCRETION
VOYAGER 1
SOLAR WIND
HELIOPAUSE
HELIOSPHERIC GASES
ICE AGE
THE AP THEORY
Eugene Parker
BOLTZMANN
mv2 = 3/2 kT
F = ma
Maxwell’s laws
Michael Faraday
CLIMATE CHANGE
GLOBAL WARMING
JOSEPH PRIESTLY
PROTEROZOIC, ACHAEAN, PHANEROZOIC,
EQUINOX
International Space Station
21st CENTURY ASTRONOMY
 
 
EXPERIMENTS TO PROVE THE AP THEORY
IS TESTED HYPOTHESIS, NOT SPECULATION
Chapter 19  Continued
CHAPTER 19
When NASA’s astronaut parachuted from the fringes of space in 2013, the force of gravity was close to the same as it is at sea level. When no traces of Earth’s atmospheric gases were found beyond 70 miles above sea level, NASA’s experiment proved Earth’s heavy atmospheric gases are being restricted from rising by the Heliospheric gases (Helium, Lithium and etc.), which are lighter in atomic weight and low in air pressure.
These Heliospheric gases were calculated in 2012 from The Voyager 1 space craft data to have a diameter of 11.25 trillion miles extending out from the Sun to the Heliopause.
Above 120 miles, atomic oxygen is the principal atmospheric constituent for several hundred miles. However, Helium is even lighter than atomic oxygen, and has smaller-sized atoms, so its concentration falls less rapidly with altitude, and it finally replaces the atomic oxygen as the principal atmospheric constituent above a certain altitude, which varies with the sunspot cycles between 400 and 900 miles.

And at still higher altitudes atomic hydrogen finally displaces helium as the principal constituent. The hydrogen extends many earth radii out into space and constitutes the telluric hydrogen corona, or geocorona. The temperature of the upper atmosphere, and hence its density, varies with the intensity of solar ultraviolet radiation and this, in turn, varies with solar activity in general.

The solar radio noise flux is a convenient index of solar activity since it can be monitored at the earth’s surface. The minimum night-time temperature of the upper atmosphere above 300 kilometres has been expressed in terms of the 27-day average of the solar radio-noise flux at 8-centimeter wavelength. This varies from about 600K near the minimum of the sunspot cycle to about 1,400K near the maximum of the cycle.
The air pressure in between the mesosphere and the ionosphere is 1.5 pounds per square inch, and the higher we go, the lesser the air pressure becomes. Yet the difference in gravitational pull at 50,000 feet is nominally different than it is at sea level.
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QUICK
FIND
One of the proven laws of nature is that a gas with high air pressure and heavier atomic weight cannot rise (expand) through a gas with lighter atomic weight and air pressure. Interplanetary gases of mostly Helium exert lesser air pressure than the greater air pressure exerted from Earth’s atmospheric gases of Oxygen and Nitrogen.
This is further evidence in nature proving that Earth’s atmospheric air pressure cannot rise past the lighter Heliospheric air pressure and its gases of Helium, Lithium, etc. These hemispheric altitude pressure changes can be felt when we fly or scuba-dive, which always causes us to ‘clear our ears’ to compensate for the greater or lesser outside pressure.
Low-pressure interplanetary gases and smaller atoms of Hydrogen, Lithium, and Helium are surrounding and compressing Earth’s atmospheric gases of nitrogen and oxygen. These low-pressure interplanetary gases of Helium-which are sun-produced completely surround our atmosphere. Heliospheric gases of Helium with smaller atoms, lighter atomic weights, and lower air pressure-are forming a natural ceiling and keeping the Earth’s atmospheric gases from rising through them and from rising above the mesosphere.
The AP theory posits that the Earth’s atmosphere is NOT being held down to Earth by the force of gravity as is presently supposed. Earth’s produced atmospheric gases of Oxygen and Nitrogen exert an air pressure of 14.7 pounds per square inch or 2116.10 pounds per square feet at sea level. Earth’s atmospheric gases of Nitrogen and Oxygen are larger, have an atomic weight and air pressure greater than their surrounding interplanetary gases of Helium and Hydrogen.