Author
Angelo
Pettolino
LIGO
ozone
SKY LAB AND APOLLO
GRAVITY
ACCRETION
VOYAGER 1
SOLAR WIND
HELIOPAUSE
HELIOSPHERIC GASES
ICE AGE
THE AP THEORY
Eugene Parker
BOLTZMANN
mv2 = 3/2 kT
F = ma
Maxwell’s laws
Michael Faraday
CLIMATE CHANGE
GLOBAL WARMING
JOSEPH PRIESTLY
PROTEROZOIC, ACHAEAN, PHANEROZOIC,
EQUINOX
International Space Station
21st CENTURY ASTRONOMY
 
CHAPTER 11
Chapter 11
Viktor Safronov’s (1917-99) lifelong research of Pierre Laplace’s presently accepted accretion theory (nebular hypothesis), alleging disks of gas and dust were coalesced by gravity, collided, formed proto-planets, ‘stuck’ together, and reformed into our solar system. Accretion was later discovered to be basically flawed and improvable. The main objection was  Isaac Newton’s formula proving gravity cannot attract, hold, or condense gases, nor does it exist in the cosmos. There are no examples of Earth’s  gravity attracting gas anywhere on Earth.

According to famed chemical engineer Robert Ulanowicz in his 1986 book  Growthand Development, Laplace’s theory met its end with early nineteenth-century developments of the concepts of irreversibility, more advanced experimental knowledge, and the second law of thermodynamics. In other words, Laplace’s problem was based on the premise of reversibility and classical mechanics; however, Ulanowicz points out that many  thermodynamic processes are irreversible so that if thermodynamic quantities are taken to be purely physical, then no such objection is possible as one could not reconstruct past positions and moments from the current state. Computer simulations are now available to prove this point to be true. The highest measurement of thermodynamics takes a very different view, considering  thermodynamic variables to have a statistical basis which can be kept separate from atomic physics.

Due to its conforming to the accepted rule, Laplace’s theory was incompatible with mainstream interpretations of quantum mechanics that stipulate uncertainty, and computer simulations now confirm it. Indeterminacy is the majority position amongst physicists. The interpretation of quantum mechanics is still open for debate, and there are many who take opposing views, such as Bohme’s and many others’ interpretations of the same event. Isaac Newton’s math proving that there is no gravity in the cosmos and our  gravity readings on our way to the moon with the Apollo mission, were the final nail in Accretions’ and Einstein’s Relativity coffin.

The nebular hypothesis (accretion theory) was never proven and is now being exposed as improbable because of the many unanswerable questions and the long history of unproven experiments. Our most sophisticated computer simulations could not duplicate the coalescence of Uranus or  Neptune. Nor could it duplicate or explain the specifics of how water originated or formed in any model tried.

After many more failed experiments, the scientific community downgraded their opinion and decided to their detriment to leave the original gravity source and the formation of  water completely unexplained.

In his book Principia: Mathematical Principles¸ Newton’s laws of physics state, ‘gravity does not exist in the cosmos now confirmed by the LIGO'.

Webster’s dictionary disprove the accretion and other gravity-based theories by defining gas as a fluid (as air) that has independent shape or volume which tends to expand indefinitely due to its molecular structure and cannot be attracted or held by gravity. Gas expands indefinitely (escape velocity) and settles in layers according to its atomic weight and atmospheric air pressure.

Gravity had very little or nothing to do with the formation of our solar system.

Continued
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