Author
Angelo
Pettolino
LIGO
ozone
SKY LAB AND APOLLO
GRAVITY
ACCRETION
VOYAGER 1
SOLAR WIND
HELIOPAUSE
HELIOSPHERIC GASES
ICE AGE
THE AP THEORY
Eugene Parker
BOLTZMANN
mv2 = 3/2 kT
F = ma
Maxwell’s laws
Michael Faraday
CLIMATE CHANGE
GLOBAL WARMING
JOSEPH PRIESTLY
PROTEROZOIC, ACHAEAN, PHANEROZOIC,
EQUINOX
International Space Station
21st CENTURY ASTRONOMY
Hadron Collider
                      CHAPTER 1

TWENTY FIRST CENTURY ASTRONOMY embraces The AP theory’s ideology which proposes that gravity is not holding down our atmosphere;  the planets are orbiting above the  celestial poles of the  Sun not around its equator; the planets are animated by the solar wind, and that our entire solar system erupted from a frozen condensed cloud of noble gases and galactic nebula of subatomic particles, which eventually formed into our Sun and the rest of the solar system all at about the same time 4 to 5 billion years ago. The AP theory also logically explains how Oxygen formed within the Sun from extreme heat which passively split its atoms of Oxygen gases into their subatomic forms of Quarks Neutrinos and Leptons. When the split atoms of Oxygen were exploded out from the cauldron of our newly forming Sun into the cosmos, they impregnated the surrounding atoms of Hydrogen and they were compounded and formed into a water frozen cloud of H2O (Theia) for the first time ever. The giant impact of our newly formed Earth with Thiea is what put water on Earth.

Water Formation in a Nutshell
When the fissile atoms’ neutrons  melted in the presence of extreme heat on a scale beyond comprehension and fervor in the solar cauldron caused the atoms’ protons and neutrons to be stripped bare. The extreme environment and heat stripped and exposed the negatively charged electrons and positively charged protons. The nuclei with the bare positively charged protons and negatively charg electrons then collided and produced a tremendous amount of atomic energy similar to an exploding star. The collision of the bare nuclei caused from the extreme heat of the solar cauldron, coupled with the Sun’s tremendous internal gas steam pressure, resulted in the unstable atoms of Hydrogen and Oxygen to passively separate. The condensed (frozen) gases then changed from solid into liquid vapour. The first time frozen Oxygen gas was ever seen in nature was in 1970 by the crew of Apollo 13 as it vented from the command module which was caused by an explosion.
The extreme heat in the stellar oven separated the agitated atoms into their subatomic form of protons,neutrons, and electrons and then split them again into their molecular form of quarks, neutrinos, and leptons and then again. The Galvani process was the final result of the molten ‘splash’ coupled with steam pressure. This event proved that a galvanic explosion could naturally happen in the cosmos by applying Galvani’s law. This cataclysmic galvanic explosion culminated in the compounding of unstable subatomic unionized molecules for the first time ever. These subatomic molecules were then blasted from the solar cauldron of the Sun into the frozen environment like the Boomerang Nebula -absolute zero (-273.15 degrees Celsius) of interstellar space along with the solar mantle which we now call comets. The largest comet found to date is Ceres at 590 miles in diameter which is located near the a steroid belt. When the superheated subatomic molecules entered the inhospitable and extreme intemperate environment of space, a thermal transformation of metals (Robert Boyle’s law) occurred. Mars is an Asteroid, not a Planet because it has no magnetic field of molten core.

Upon entering the absolute-zero environments of the cosmos, the split subatomic particles of Oxygen condensed and fused together with the surrounding Hydrogen. This resulted in the merging of H2 and O to compound together for the very first time. The explosion formed a large condensed water vapour cloud known as theTheia Cloud in the cosmos. The Theia ice planet, about the size of Mars, was one of the bodies that the super hot Earth collided with, passively melting its way through the massive ice cloud 4.5 billion years ago (“Great Impact”) after it exited the Sun. The Earth’s atmosphere and the water in our solar system were formed from material produced and provided by a new  star, our Sun 300 million years before it matured into a 27-million-degree-Fahrenheit yellow dwarf  star.
Water Formation in a Nutshell
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Hadron Collider
QUICK
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